• The overall size of your room
• What other furniture pieces will be in the space
• How much walking space will be left
• Will your table be used as more of a formal table vs informal table
• Do you entertain and require a table that can hold many serving dishes down the center
• What type of base design will you select; more traditional parson base vs an inset design.
• If selecting a less common size, will it fit into another room should you move in the future
Tables are typically around 40" wide and can vary from 36-42" on average. You should select your width depending on your space and needs.
The rule of thumb is 24" per person for formal dining and 18" wide for informal seating. For formal dining, a 5' table will comfortably seat 6 while a 7' table will comfortably seat 8. Depending on the base design and you chairs, you may be able to go in between sizes.
Standard Furniture Heights
The height of your furniture will depend on other objects in your space which are being used with the piece, however, there are standard dimensions which can be used as a reference point.
Coffee tables: 16" high
Side Tables: 22" high
Benches/ Seating: 18" high
Desks: 28-30" high
Console tables: 30" high
Kitchen and dining tables: 30" high
Counter height Tables: 36" high
Bar Height Tables: 42"
• Bedside tables should not be more than six inches above the height of the bed.
• End tables should be the same height or a few inches shorter than the armrest of the sofa. Also, if a lamp is to be placed on the end table, the bottom of the lampshade should be at eye level when seated.
• Coffee tables are generally 1/2 to 2/3 the length of the sofa and about the same height as the sofa seat.
• When placing your console along the back side of the sofa, they are usually 2/3 the length of the sofa and about the same height as the back of the sofa.
How to choose a base:
Wood vs metal bases
Wood bases are typically a more traditional option where metal creates a more contemporary feel.
Traditional parson vs inset/pedestal.
A parson style (4 legs at each corner) is a very common and traditional base design. The advantage of this type of base is that there will be no leg/ seating obstructions as the legs are located on the corners. The disadvantages of this design are that it doesn't allow you to squeeze in extra seating if needed as you are restricted with the legs on the ends.
Inset/ pedestal designs tend to be a more contemporary and popular option. The advantage of this type of base is that you can squeeze in extra seating if needed as there are no restrictions. Due to safety aspects of inset designs, they can only be inset so far to ensure the table top will not tip over if someone pushes down on the table when getting up. For this reason, side seating will need to accommodate their legs and feet around the base when seated.
When selecting your chairs, we recommend you choose based on the design/style of your space rather than the table. Of course the color and base design of your table will influence your selection, you should choose something that reflects the overall feel; country, traditional, contemporary, modern.
When determining what type of wood you should select, things to think about are:
• Will this be a formal dining table only used periodically during the year vs an everyday table?
• Do I have children and require a higher density wood?
• What is my color scheme? Determine the colors of your walls, floors, furniture and any other elements that will complement the piece and will these colors be staying.
• I have other woods in my room, should I stay with the same species/ color? Don't worry about keeping all your pieces the same species/ color. Most species share common tones that will complement each other. This allows you more flexibility when selecting your wood.
• Do I want my furniture piece to contrast my space or blend (monochromatic)? Depending on your style, you may want to contrast your furniture against your floors so that it becomes the focal point of your room. However, you may want to keep the furniture the same color as your floors, creating a contemporary, monochromatic color scheme. A design trick if you want to break it up a bit, add an area rug which will create a visual break.
• Do I want my table to be light or dark? Keep in mind, darker colored woods will show more imperfections from usage.
• What colors do I not like?
• Do I want a wood with pronounced grains or do I prefer something with more color/ character? Certain types of woods will have more pronounced growth rings but tend to be more uniform in color. Other species have a less apparent grain but their beauty comes in the natural color variations and character from stress, insects and their growing environments.
When determining what type of finish you should select, things to think about are:
Residential vs commercial usage
Will it be around water?
What type of maintenance schedule do I want to keep up with?
Do I have children and what will wear the best for my family/ lifestyle?
Do I want to stay natural or stain?
Do I want a hand rubbed oil finish or a water based urethane finish?
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